Beginning with Habitat


 
 

Table of Contents

The Table of Contents provides direct links to each section and to the individual tools and pages contained within the BwH Toolbox. A summary of each tool is provided here as well.

About the Toolbox
Table of Contents
Comprehensive Planning
Slender Blue Flag
  1. A Guide to Comprehensive Planning with BwH
  2. Using BwH in Required Elements
  3. BwH in Required Topic Areas
  4. BwH Highlighted Topic: Water Resources
  5. BwH Highlighted Topic: Critical Natural Resources
  6. BwH Highlighted Topic: Transportation
  7. Crafting a Future Land Use Plan using BwH
  8. Regional Coordination for Natural Resources
  9. Example Comprehensive Plans
Open Space Planning
  1. Why Plan for Open Space?
  2. Importance of Being Proactive
  3. What is an Open Space Plan
  4. The Open Space Planning Process
  5. Components of an Open Space Plan: A Brief Outline
  6. Using BwH in Open Space Plan Inventories
  7. Designating Local Focus Areas Using BwH
  8. Commonly Raised Public Concerns
  9. Example Open Space Plans
Developing a Conservation Commission
Tools (Intro)

   1. Land Use Ordinance Tools (Intro)

  • Wildlife Habitat Overlay Districts- A tool to reduce habitat fragmentation resulting from residential development and the division of land using unfragmented blocks of forest and connecting overland corridors as its focus.
  • Transfer of Development Rights- A tool that provides incentives to encourage land conservation in rural areas and transfer development to growth areas.
  • Open Space Impact Fees- A tool to equip a municipality with a mechanism to pay for future green space, open land, and/or recreational facilities by requiring a fee for new development to cover the need for additional open space and recreation facilities.
  • Conservation Subdivision Ordinances- An open space "cluster" subdivision approach that considers municipal conservation land priorities in subdivision and open space design, enabling towns to better negotiate how future development will fit into its rural landscape and to better maintain town-wide landscape-level habitat benefits.
  • Land Use Ordinance Performance Standards- Standards to clarify and expand on habitat-related criteria identified in the State of Maine Subdivision Law.

   2. Wetland and Shoreland Zoning Tools (Intro)

  • Wetland and Shoreland Zoning Definitions (pdf)- A document clarifying the differences in federal, state and local wetland and shoreland zoning definitions.
  • Maine Model Freshwater Wetlands Ordinance- A tool to reduce the cumulative impacts of wetland losses resulting from small wetland alterations not subject to compensation requirements under state law or regulation.
  • Amendments to Shoreland Zoning to Protect Habitat- Suggested amendments to local shoreland zoning ordinances to protect habitat adjacent to significant wetlands.
  • Resource Protection Ordinances- Tools to implement specific protections for natural resources that fall through the gaps of typical shoreland zoning rules, including increased buffer protections for streams, wetlands and vernal pools.
  • In Lieu Fee Mitigation Funds- A wetland compensation tool that may facilitate municipal participation in the mitigation process by providing a source of dedicated funds that can implement pre-identified land protection and restoration projects involving significant wetlands.

   3. Performance Standards (Intro)

  • Net Residential Density- A tool to provide significant ecological protections by limiting the potential density of future development in sensitive areas.
  • Reduced Lot Size Outside of Subdivision Review- A tool addressing single lot development by allowing the creation of lots down to the state minimum size while the balance of the zone's minimum lot size is protected against future development through an indenture.
  • Road Standards- A tool to reduce direct consequences for wildlife habitat that can result from some street design and acceptance policies.
  • Invasive Species- A list of species that have potential negative consequences on habitat quality.
Financing Habitat Protection (Intro)
  • Impact Fees- A tool to equip a municipality with a mechanism to pay for future green space, open land, and/or recreational facilities by requiring a fee for new development to cover the need for additional open space and recreation facilities.
  • Local Land Bonds- A local land acquisition funding mechanism.
  • Current Use Tax Programs- A tool that gives landowners monetary incentives to keep their property undeveloped, providing a temporary level of protection from development sprawl.
  • Grant Sources- A list of potential grant sources to fund land acquisition, stewardship, and trail development projects.

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